Celso Affonso Machado Pedrini *

* Veterinary Doctor























In this article i intend to talk a little bit about my work with Homeopathy, which is based on more than twenty two years of study, research and clinical experience, being directed, primarily, to treatment of chronic diseases and behavioral disorders in dogs and cats.

Although it is a fascinating work, in view of the excellent results achieved by the homeopathic treatment, he becomes also challenger because of its complexity, leading, often, to a lack of understanding about their conceptions and concepts, promoting the controversial tone about the theme "Homeopathy".

My goal is to clarify the respect of some nebulous points and contentious issues hanging over Homeopathy, demonstrating that it has the potential to be a highly effective therapeutic system, since some basic conditions are respected and practiced by serious professionals and fully qualified, and can be explained by scientific bases, demystifying, thus some taboos that the involve, because it has no relationship whatsoever with mystical practices or exoteric, for example. In addition to highlight their therapeutic potential, citing also some examples of clinical cases in veterinary medicine successfully treated through Homeopathy.


Dear reader, my proposal is to expound upon these over twenty two years of study, research and work with Homeopathy. Inclusive, by developing its own methodology, which is based on the schools that I studied.

Namely, my goal is to talk about the vision that I have the respect of Homeopathy. Do not be surprised if other homeopaths, even though veterinarians, issuing concepts or opinions different from mine. We may also diverge at certain points. But this does not mean that any one of us is wrong. Simply, we can have different points of view, depending on our history, what we study and of our experience. After all, the same fact can be seen in different ways, according to the interpretation of each observer, isn't it?

I really like the diversity of ideas. Take into consideration thoughts contrary to ours, without necessarily accepting them, is an excellent opportunity to reassess some concepts and increase our level of learning and knowledge.


Perhaps this is one of the questions that most made me throughout these years. But, surely, is the one that more caused me restlessness, propelling me to seek a scientifically accepted explanation for the action of homeopathic medicine, justifying the excellent results in veterinary medicine and motivating me to work of documenting of clinical cases, yielding, including, a study on the effectiveness of Homeopathy in the treatment of chronic diseases and behavioural disorders in dogs and cats.

The question above ceased to be a doubt for me since the year 1989. At that time I was a resident at the Hospital de Clínicas Veterinárias of Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, in Porto Alegre, Brazil. Once, I attended a cat of Siamese breed, diagnosed with feline lower urinary tract disease, with probable obstruction of the urinary tract, presenting anuria, apathy and loss of appetite. After some days hospitalized and receiving conventional treatment to his clinical picture, the patient's condition worsened and he was referred for a surgical procedure, as a last resort in an attempt to save it. However, because of their clinical condition was extremely grave, it would be very difficult to resist the surgery and anesthesia. This motivated me to try the treatment by Homeopathy, even without possessing a greater knowledge or experience. Moments before the patient be sent to the operating room, I started the administration of homeopathic medicine, without much hope, because of the poor prognosis, derived from the severity of their clinical condition. However, to my surprise and satisfaction, the patient went to submit spontaneous urination around fifteen minutes after the beginning of the administration of homeopathic medicine. Remembering that he does not urinated, which caused a severe clinical condition. With this, the surgery has been suspended, since he hardly could survive. The patient remained hospitalized and receiving homeopathic medication, continued urinating spontaneously and was showing a gradual improvement, until achieve full recovery and have hospital discharge, for their happiness and their owners.

This event showed me clearly and irrefutably, that Homeopathy was a reality as a therapeutic system, because, in this case, was responsible for saving the patient's life, exerting a rapid and highly effective action. This event established a solid prospect that, finally, I had the opportunity to work with a therapeutic system that was not so aggressive to patients, who did not present many toxic effects, adverse reactions and side effects. Besides enabling the treatment of those patients undeceived by classical medicine and that, often, were condemned to euthanasia. That's what drove me to study Homeopathy, when I had the opportunity, from 1992, when I started my specialization course.


Homeopathy is a therapeutic system, established more than 200 years by the german physician Samuel Hahnemann. The basic foundation of Homeopathy is the principle of similarity: i.e., the homeopathic medicine will heal the same symptoms in sick it provokes in a healthy organism. And this leads to another foundation of Homeopathy: the experimentation in healthy individuals, in order to become known the symptoms that particular medicine may develop in the healthy individual, which will be the same symptoms that this medication will cure in the sick, according to the principle of the treatment by the similar.

Hippocrates, considered the "father of medicine", said the recovery of the sick individuals could occur through the principle of contraries, which was adopted by Galen, providing the basis for medicine that has hegemony in the West, the Allopathy. Hence arise the medicines that produce opposite effects to the patient's symptoms, such as anti-inflammatory drugs, antipyretics, antispasmodics, among others, that we all know so well. But Hippocrates also stated that health could be recovered by the principle of similars, that was adopted by Hahnemann, giving rise to Homeopathy.

I invite you to participate in our course "Demystifying Homeopathy", where we will discuss, among other issues, the fundamentals and the trajectory of Allopathy, as well as the origin, development and evolution of Homeopathy, since Hahnemann, passing by classical authors until the contemporaries, addressing their different conceptions and methodologies. Inclusive, by addressing some controversial points within the own homeopathic universe, as the obligation or not to employ only a single medicine. Apart from the issue of high dilution of homeopathic medicine.


Without doubt, the biggest obstacle to the acceptance of Homeopathy by medical science, lies exactly on the issue of high dilution. The preparation of the homeopathic medicinal product occurs from any substance, and may be in the animal kingdom, vegetable or mineral. We need to know the symptoms that this substance has the ability to originate in a healthy organism, which will be the same symptoms that will cure in the sick organism, in accordance with the principle of similarity, as we saw previously.

There is a specific farmacoténica for the preparation of the homeopathic medicine. By way of illustration, I'm bringing the example of preparation of medicinal Arnica montana. The most widely used scale is the Centesimal Hahnemanniana or CH, that means dilute a part of solute (represented by the mother tincture of Arnica) in 99 parts of the solvent (which may be a water-alcohol solution). However, not only does the dilution of this hundredth part of tincture of Arnica, but at the same time, performs the succussion that solution by a hundred times. This process is termed dynamization. I consider that here is the great differential of homeopathy. At the end of this procedure, we will have the medicine Arnica montana 1CH (Centesimal Hahnemannian). If we use a part of Arnica montana 1CH and submit to the same process, we will obtain the medicine Arnica montana 2CH. And so on.

As we see, it's not so complicated after all, understand the origin and mode of preparation of the homeopathic medicine. However, there is a very controversial question: is that from a certain dynamization, around 12CH, probably would not exist more molecules of the original substance, according to Avogadro's number. In the case of our example, there would be no more molecules of the mother tincture of Arnica. Therefore, if there are no more molecules of the original substance, what we have, then, is just an inert carrier, composed, in this case, by water and alcohol. In this way, isn't it possible that a homeopathic medicine above 12CH exercise any kind of therapeutic effect, because it would be made up of a solution without any molecule of the substance that gave rise, being in this way, an inert compound.

At this point is the origin of the assumption that the action of Homeopathy would be compared to the placebo effect, acting on positive expectation of the patient in relation to treatment. This is the materialistic thinking of science and medicine hegemonic in the Western world, that is based on the mechanistic Cartesian paradigm, in determinism and positivist thought. In this conception, the disease would be represented by a condition quantitatively distinct from the state of health and by cellular changes, according to concepts established by Claude Bernard and Virchow, respectively. And therapeutic action would occur upon connection of a signal molecule to its specific receptor, being dose-dependent.


We have seen that, according to the conception of the current medical science, the homeopathic medicine, from the 12CH, wouldn't pass a placebo, for not owning more molecules, i.e., matter, the original substance. But if the homeopathic medicine really were nothing but a placebo, which acts only by autosuggestion, through a positive psychological effect on patients ' expectation, as we could we then explain to her performance in animals? Would Homeopathy in veterinary medicine an illusion? After all, Homeopathy is a fraud? See that interesting the case that I'm reporting below.

I once attended a poodle breed dog, displaying a behavioral disorder: he was extremely aggressive with their owners; attacking violently and biting, for no apparent reason. After the first evaluation, I studied the case and prescribed a single medicine, in 200CH. Namely, according to the materialistic thinking of current medical science, placebo! Around 10 days later, the proprietress called me up. Explained that diluted the homeopathic medicine in the pot of water of the patient at night, before bed, since our friend poodle not allowed be medicated. The next morning, according to the account of the proprietress, it seemed that they had changed the dog! He did not attacked or bite more and was much more docile. It was another dog. The owners simply didn't believe what they were seeing. This improvement occurred, literally from night to day! Here's the big question: as a substance with no therapeutic value, labeled by classical science as placebo, could have caused such an effect? Would have exercised a monumental psychological effect in expectation of this poodle?

Forgive me for this subtle irony. She is not a criticism, or a provocation, the who considers that the effect of the homeopathic medicine does not differ from placebo effect. After all, who thinks this way is supported by classical science, which is based on materialism of cartesian mechanistic paradigm, which is deterministic and positivist.

Thus, I wish not criticize those who think this way, but invite them to participate in our course "Demystifying Homeopathy", in order to exchange ideas, knowledge and experiences, so we can discuss at a high level. Instead of simply to label Homeopathy as an unscientific practice, on function of science still achieve not explain it, as advocates positivism. As I said, wish not criticize nor condemn those who do not accept Homeopathy, even his harshest opponents. I believe that their vast majority adopts this posture for not understand it, because of its complexity and because she has a totally distinct conception of traditional medical science, to which we are accustomed, for the same be solidly rooted in our culture. I took myself some time to understand it and accept it! And only after 20 years of study and work with Homeopathy, I evaluated to be able to contribute, consistently, significant and qualified, for your understanding and dissemination of its powerful effectiveness, as a therapeutic system.

This is all the more reason to invite you to participate in our course, so that we can clarify the respect of different conceptions and concepts inherent in Homeopathy. My proposal is not simply provide this information, in order to be passively accepted, but stimulate thinking and reasoning, promoting a critical assessment on the topic, providing a constructive and enriching debate!


Returning to the case of aggressive poodle, that significantly decreased their aggressiveness, literally, from night to day, after administration of the homeopathic medicine in 200CH, I explained that, by conception of the current medical science, the medicine administered wouldn't pass an inert substance, a placebo, because of its ultradiluição, namely, for not possessing more molecules of the substance that gave rise, according to Avogadro's number. However, the dear reader will agree that the most reasonable explanation for what happened hardly would pass by the psychological effect exerted in expectation of the patient, because it is an individual of the canine species, is not it? Thus, we went back to the nitty gritty: after all, how acts the homeopathic medicine? What is its mechanism of action?

First, we must clarify that, unlike the biochemistry action and molecular of ponderal doses of allopathic medicines, the action of the homeopathic medicine would be biophysics, acting on an informational level. It is suggested that the homeopathic medicine contains an electromagnetic information of substance that gave rise.

In order to broaden my knowledge and seek to understand how the homeopathic medicine acts in the sick organism, i've been studying, for more than a decade, some topics related to physics, as, for example, electromagnetism and quantum theory. In addition to attending courses in the field of complementary medicine, where I highlight the course of “Biophysical Information Therapy” , promoted by the Brazilian Medical Society for BIT. The result of this study, which I have intended to make a correlation, of form most truthful and transparent as possible, among the concepts of modern physics and Homeopathy, I put myself at the disposal to debate and discuss with you. And I propose that this debate be held an informal way, liberal, with an open mind, without preconceptions or dogma.

Join our course "Demystifying Homeopathy", and let's talk and debate about the most diverse aspects pertaining to this therapeutic system. Primarily, in relation to its scientific basis. Inclusive, putting into discussion the proposal of a theoretical model for the mechanism of action of homeopathic medicine, which is based on concepts of modern physics and of electromagnetism. This course is designed for professionals and students of area of sciences medical, biological, exact or humanities. Also for patients who are treated with Homeopathy or, simply, curious about the subject. Broaden and deepen your knowledge about this therapeutic system that has the potential to be highly effective, since that are respected some basic conditions and practiced by serious and fully qualified professionals.

Dear reader, I would very much like to have a dialogue and develop a debate about all these ideas with you! I'm not the owner of the truth and I am open to suggestions and criticism. I want to hear what you have to say, hear your opinion and your point of view, with attention and respect, so that we can discuss and debate, at a high level, in the realm of ideas, because, in this way, we will enhance our knowledge. After all, just because we don't have knowledge of something, this does not necessarily mean that this "something" doesn't exist! It's not true? If, currently, science can not explain how the homeopathic medicine acts, It's probably because she lacks knowledge and appropriate technology for that. But the homeopathic medicine works, since some basic conditions are met. We're talking a evidence-Based Homeopathy. The proof is here, represented by various clinical cases, in veterinary medicine, in which patients were treated by Homeopathy, with highly satisfactory results. These and other cases will be presented, by way of illustration, in our course. In addition, the study that we conducted to evaluate the efficacy of Homeopathy in the treatment of chronic diseases and behavioural disorders in dogs and cats is another irrefutable demonstration of the therapeutic potential of homeopathic medicine (we suggest reading of "Study of the effectiveness of Homeopathy in treatment of chronic diseases and behavioural disorders in dogs and cats", of this same author).

Therefore, the evidence clearly demonstrate that Homeopathy works. It will be only a matter of time for science to be able to explain it, perhaps, even, using other paradigm. After all, new discoveries and scientific advances are occurring in rapid rhythm, especially in the field of physics. By remembering that there are billions of galaxies in the universe, among them, our Milky Way, being that our Sun is just one among the approximately 100 to 200 billions stars in our Galaxy... And that human existence is insignificant, compared with the nearly 14 billion years of the universe, It is easy to reach the conclusion that we have still a lot to understand, learn, and evolve, having awareness of who we are and what is our function in the universe.


Unawareness and lack of understanding about the homeopathic medicine action mechanism constitutes a major factor in that Homeopathy suffer great resistance from the classical medical science.

The study of atomic phenomena shows that, ultimately, everything that exists is made up of electromagnetic fields. Therefore, communication in biological systems, and of these with the external environment occurs via electromagnetic signals at different frequencies.

A great obstacle to the acceptance of Homeopathy as a science lies in the use of ultradiluídas substances, which contradicts the classical molecular and biochemical model. However, some theories defend possible permanence of information related to the original substance, even in solutions that have exceeded the molecular limit.

Scientific knowledge is structured in the used models. Perhaps may need to use a new paradigm, so there is a better understanding about the homeopathic medicine action.

Another model could consist in conceiving a disease not only as structural and molecular changes, but also presenting an anomalous electromagnetic field. Thus, the similarity between the patient's symptoms and the symptoms that one substance develops in healthy subjects, basic foundation of homeopathic therapeutic system, would correspond to the similarity between the respective electromagnetic fields. The information transmitted by homeopathic medicine could consist in a frequency guide, in order to correct the pathological electromagnetic field, something which is supported by concepts inherent to classical electromagnetism, restoring thus the health of the sick individual.

Although it represents a theoretical speculation about the mode of action of homeopathic medicine, what we ended of expose is based on consistent and recognised concepts by science. The confirmation or not of this model, it's a question that only time will be able to clarify. A different historical and cultural context, in addition to technologies, instrumental and methodologies distinct , maybe they can compose another paradigm, that has conditions to explain, in a more clear and precise, the mode of action of the medicaments used by Homeopathy, in order to justify its proven clinical efficacy (we suggest reading the article "Alguns comentários sobre a ação do medicamento homeopático", of this same author).


Often hear this question. She may look simple, but the response presents a certain complexity. First, It is necessary to clarify that Homeopathy can be crafted in different levels, having conditions of treating with successfully diseases of acute or chronic character, physical or mental (which are equivalent to behavioral disorders in the animals), provided that some basic conditions are respected.

In my opinion, we should talk about those topics that we have wide domain and a deep knowledge. So it, I'm going to stop me in the diseases of chronic character, by if treating of the field of action of my work with Homeopathy, where I have more than two decades of study, research and clinical experience.

However, this is a fairly complex issue, because Homeopathy has a different conception of classical medicine, in terms of conception of living being, health, disease, diagnosis, therapeutic and healing. The goal of Homeopathy is not treating diseases, as we're accustomed to conceiving them, but the treat the sick. This means that we must take into account the interaction between the sick and the disease that he presents; namely, how a disease is manifested specifically in a particular individual. Thus, there are two basic concepts in treatment by Homeopathy: unity and individualization.

The concept of unit means that we must treat the sick in its entirety, and not just symptoms or clinical pictures singly. For example, a patient presenting a dermatologic disease: for to treat it by Homeopathy, we need to evaluate it in its entirety, and we do not take into account only the cutaneous symptoms. Not we must only observe and analyze this patient's skin, but perceive it and understand it in full, as an inseparable whole, from its symptomatic feature entirety, that will be a reflection of its dramas, sufferings and predispositions to sicken.

And the concept of individualization. Even patients with the same conventional clinical diagnosis, is quite possible, and even likely, that they receive differentiated homeopathic medicines, because the treatment by Homeopathy is individual, being specific to each patient. Therefore, we need to individualize the patient. But, to do that, we need to comprehend it. We know that people are different from each other. And these differences have a genetic causation and hereditary, being own of every individual. In addition, one must consider the environment in which he lives, considering socio-cultural factors or possible traumas. Ultimately, each person conceives and sees the world and life in a certain form, in their own way. And his conscience, sensitivity and behavior will be grounded on this vision that has of the world and the life.

To illustrate what we have just exposed, will quote some examples. While some people are more extraverts, communicative and have great ease of socialization, others are more introverted, quiet and reserved. Some are more adventurous and crave for adventures and challenges; others are more cautious, prudent and seek safety. Some individuals suffer and fall ill for a disappointment in love; others, for a financial loss. Some cry easily, even by insignificances, regardless of the situation; others, even in tragic circumstances, such as the loss of loved ones, are not capable de cry in front of other people, although they make yourselves devastated emotionally. There are those who are more resistant to being affected by the calumnies and injustices, forgetting and forgiving easily; while others, get hurt easily and they not forget offenses received. There are people who self invest of heralds of truth, not admitting any thought or point of view contrary to its, coming to ignore, ridicule and until chasing those who has ideas, postures, or attitudes that don't fit to your way of thinking and acting; while others seek to respect, admit and understand the viewpoint and the way of being of others, even being radically opposed to their, prioritizing values such as respect, education and acceptance of diversity of philosophies, reviews and conducts.

And the differences are not only in mental and emotional sphere. Met some people who suffer more with the heat, others with the cold weather. Some are more sensitive to dry climate, others have a greater sensitivity to moisture. Some individuals are more predisposed to getting sick in your respiratory system, others in your digestive system, while there are those who present their urinary system more sensitive. And so on.

After all, every human being is different from any other member of his species, because there are no people who are completely identical. And being different doesn't mean be worse or better than anyone. It just means owning different psychic, intellective, emotional and physical characteristics. So it, in my opinion, we should not judge and condemn hastily, but search for us understand of mutual form, respecting our differences.

And these differences also exist in animals. According to your genetic and hereditary character, addition to factors related to the environment in which he lives, as management, learning and even possible traumas, each animal will have its own behavior, which characterizes it as a unique individual. This is very easy to see in dogs. There are those who vocalize more, while others only manifest themselves in specific situations. Some dogs are more communicative, seeking socialization with other dogs and people, even if they are strangers. Others are more reserved, establishing relationship only with their owners. Some are daring, others fearful. Some seek to impose themselves, often demonstrating a certain aggressiveness, while others are docile and submissive. Some are more active, other more tranquil. Some love to sightsee, while for others, any physical activity is not welcome.

See how many individualizantes features we can find in animals. And the bigger the coexistence and the proximity of them with their respective owners, largest and most reliable will be the information provided. This, combined with an sagacious powers of observation of the homeopath, it constitutes a basic factor for the success of the treatment by Homeopathy in veterinary medicine.

Therefore, each animal has its individual characteristics and their susceptibilities, which will result in predisposition to sicken in a certain way. And we, homeopaths, we should try to see this individual beyond their organic symptoms. We must seek to understand how each be undergoes. And this being possesses a organism which will fall ill as a result of this suffering. We see this routinely in our work. For example, dogs that get sick when their owners will travel, or when the family adopts a puppy, being that this dog youngster becomes the center of attention. Or, still, when occurs the loss of a loved one. So it, in Homeopathy, we need to understand the individual sensibilities of every being, i.e. their susceptibilities, their idiosyncrasies.

It seems that has complicated a little, doesn't it? Below I'll describe a big failure my, exactly to corroborate the importance of these concepts.

This was my first experience with Homeopathy and occurred when I was in initial half my course of veterinary medicine. And it was with my own female dog, the Lobinha. She had a picture of chronic conjunctivitis, with mucopurulent ocular bilateral secretion. The Lobinha had already passed by some conventional treatments, showing only palliative results: there was a partial improvement, but the symptoms returned. And I, with no knowledge or experience, I decided to treat her with Homeopathy, based on a book that indicated the use of certain homeopathic medicines, according to the patient's clinical symptoms. Some time later I was taken by a feeling of great frustration, because, although had it followed strictly the book orientations, your clinical condition remained unchanged, without be no even a partial improvement. Subjected to such disappointment, it wasn't difficult for me conclude that "homeopathy does not work!“ After all, despite have administered homeopathic medicines for the clinical picture in question, exactly as the book recommends, there was not even a palliative effect. Thus, it was more simple and comfortable, to me, blame the Homeopathy. I had no humility and self-criticism enough to discern that, at that moment, I wasn't able to utilize it.

Today, I am well aware that are situations like this that end up denigrating the image of Homeopathy, causing her to fall into disrepute. Therefore, I consider a very large responsibility to talk about Homeopathy, especially for those who work with her. Indicate one or more medications to treat a particular disease, I consider to be, at minimum, a risky and dangerous practice, because it can pass the false impression that there are specific homeopathic medicines to treat specific diseases. But, in general, that's not what happens, because Homeopathy does not treat diseases. The aim of Homeopathy is to treat the sick individual, be human or animal, in its entirety, seeking to understand it and individualize it. Terms this understanding is crucial, especially for the treatment of chronic conditions. Acting in this way, we will be acting as homeopaths aware, following the teachings of Hahnemann, Kent, Elizalde and other great masters of Homeopathy. Otherwise, we will be fated to partial results and unimpressive, not extracting of homeopathic treatment your maximum potential. Check my case: when I start the treatment of a patient, I consider it it as a be unique, unprecedented and exclusive, regardless of their clinical diagnosis. I try to comprehend it in its entirety and I seek individualize it. And it was this kind of approach that I used in all patients who participated in the study that I made on the effectiveness of Homeopathy, reaching very satisfactory results (we suggest the reading of "Study of the effectiveness of Homeopathy in treatment of chronic diseases and behavioural disorders in dogs and cats", of this same author).


I consider that one of the greatest differentials of Homeopathy is act where classical medicine presents its biggest limitations, as in the case of diseases of chronic character and behavioral disorders (in the case of veterinary medicine). And, mainly, in cases where classical medicine has exhausted its resources, simply giving up of patient, because, according to the medical and scientific knowledge established so far, no there would be treatments, scientifically proved, for certain clinical conditions. And it are precisely in these cases that Homeopathy has the ability to demonstrate its great therapeutic potential, acting where classical medicine yet does not offer a satisfactory answer, in order to contribute meaningfully and decisively, on recovery of patients' health, as in the case that I will describe the following.

Shortly after completing my course of specialization, I attended to a kitten that featured a clinical of the right hindlimb paralysis, after the application of an antidiarrheal medicament by the intramuscular route, what had happened there is 2.5 months. After going through several conventional treatments, without any improvement, its proprietress received the news that there was nothing else to do, being indicated still, the amputation of his right leg, because the patient walked dragging the affected limb on the ground, causing scabs and a infectious picture. It was at this time that its proprietress, pretty desperate, approached me, because had read in an article that Homeopathy has excellent results in the treatment of animals.

For being a neurological picture and without have greater experience with Homeopathy, because recently had completed my specialization course, I warned her that the prognosis was very unfavorable. Anyway, I studied deeply the case and I made the prescription a single drug to the patient. See just how was your evolution: 7 days after, he began move the paw, supporting her on the floor and running with her raised. And 14 days after the beginning of the administration of the homeopathic medicament, our patient went on to walk normally; your right hindlimb was absolutely normal, without presenting any sequel. And to think that he could have his right leg amputated a few weeks ago... This kitten remained my patient and never more showed any type of locomotor disorder or paralysis.

But that interesting, does not it? The treatment by Homeopathy making possible the cure a neurological condition, in that classical medicine had exhausted their resources.


Dear reader, you may be wondering now: "But, if Homeopathy has a different conception of what we're used ... If your goal is to treat the sick, not the disease that he presents... After all, which is the methodology used by Homeopathy?"

Firstly, I must make it clear that no there is only a single way of working with Homeopathy, since there are different schools, that they are divided, empirically, on lines. The unicist line defends the need for the use of only one single medicine for the treatment of sick. On the other hand, pluralist line admits the use of two or more medicines. There are, still, different schools, that use distinct methodological procedures, within each of these rows. However, I consider that a classification more appropriate whether in relation to different conceptions of health and disease, that will serve as basis for the therapeutic.


We know that the conception of disease of classical medicine is materialistic, being based on the mechanistic cartesian paradigm. For being reductionist, the analysis of a small part (as the cell, for example), would reveal all disease. Soon, uses a therapy based on this conception. For example: the pathogenic bacteria detection would imply in utilize one antibiotic for exterminate it; the deficiency of a particular hormone would entail in your spare; the identification of changes in cellular structure could indicate a surgical removal of the affected tissue; and so on.

Already the conception of health and disease in Homeopathy is dynamic, that is, immaterial, what constitutes another obstacle to a better understanding and acceptance by the classical medical science. Because it contradicts the materialist paradigm of the latter, turned out to cause a strong rejection, resulting, consequently, in lack of understanding, prejudice and even persecutions suffered by Homeopathy over time, by be considered unscientific, being, also, routinely, confused with mystical practices, exoteric, and even religious.

However, there are two main conceptions of health and disease, both of of dynamic origin or immaterial, being different from each other, that have the ability to explain the treatment system by similar: vitalist and systemic conceptions.


The vitalist conception, which was utilized by Samuel Hahnemann, the creator of Homeopathy, to explain the action of homeopathic medicine, defends that there is a vital principle, also called vital force or vital energy, being different from both of the material body how much of the spirit, which is responsible for all the sensations and functions of organism, that is, by their state of health and disease. In the state of health, the vital force would be in equilibrium, working harmonically. Already the disorder of the vital force would cause the disease, being manifested by symptoms. The homeopathic medicine, by similarity of symptoms with the sick, would act on your vital force, putting it the again in balance. Consequently, the symptoms would disappear and the patient would go recover your state of health.

Briefly, this is the vitalistic conception of the health and disease, which serves as basis, mainly, for schools unicist. I had classic unicist training, wherein the goal is to treat the sick in its entirety, taking into consideration their mental symptoms (that are the symptoms of behavior in animals), general symptoms (which express the entirety of individual, such as sleep, fever, laterality, etc., inclusive related to the environment, for example climatic modalities, time, food, etc.) and physical symptoms (those particular symptoms, located in different organ systems - being that these symptoms, of local order, is what leads, normally, the owner to seek professional help for your pet, in the case of veterinary medicine). It is important to note that one should look the nuances and peculiarities of each symptom displayed by the patient, seeking to characterize it as much as possible. From this symptomatic feature entirety, we seek individualize the patient, with the goal of electing a single medicine, called simillimum (the medicine as similar as possible to the patient, in relation to their symptoms), that It would be able to put on balance his vital force and, consequently, restore their health.

Note that, in this conception, the clinical diagnosis gets, many times, in a secondary plan. And it was in this way that I worked, for many years, as homeopathic veterinarian, without me worrying so much about the conventional clinical diagnosis, because, ultimately, my biggest task would be to understand the patient as a whole, through its symptoms, that would be reflection of the disorder of his vital force, by prescribing a single medicine, specific to that individual (your simillimum), that would put again its vital force in balance, reestablishing his state of health.

The follow, I will count the interesting case of a patient I treated using the unicist methodology, still early in my career as homeopathic veterinarian.

The proprietress contacted me due to your doggie submit a skin allergy, that it was manifested itself in the form of a continuous itching, featuring, often, crises, scratching up to get hurt, even with bleeding. According to the vitalist conception and using the methodology taught in school that I made my specialization course, I evaluated this patient in its entirety, not only in relation to their skin symptoms. He It featured also a digestive framework, with vomiting and frequent abdominal cramps, in addition to an intense flatulence. In terms of behavior, featured a great irritability, which took him often, the aggression, what made it difficult, including, its management by the proprietress, because, many times, he her was biting. The living together with the other dog of the house, it was very docile, it was becoming difficult to, because our patient frequently attacked him.

I dedicated patient care for nearly 10 years. From the beginning, he showed significant improvement in its entirety. The pruritus, which before was very frequent, decreased considerably; including, he started to have periods in which practically not itched, what no occurred before the homeopathic treatment. The bouts of itching also became far less frequent but, when it occurred, the degree of the itching was of lesser intensity, and its duration also bottom. Similarly, the bouts of vomiting and abdominal cramping decreased significantly its frequency and intensity; but, when it occurred, it was promptly controlled by homeopathic medicine that I prescribed. Inclusive, this fact led its proprietress the to highlight the effectiveness and rapidity of improvement afforded by Homeopathy in animals. Flatulence has disappeared since the beginning of the treatment; we have, therefore, a 100% improvement in this symptom.

This patient also greatly improved their behaviour, significantly decreasing your irritability and aggression, facilitating the managemen on the part of its proprietress and the improvement in relations with the other dog of the house, because hardly attacked him again. They passed, even, to play together, fact that didn't happen before the homeopathic treatment.

Let us recall that the main complaint about this patient, i.e. the fact that motivated its proprietress to seek treatment by Homeopathy, was the intense itching, of possible allergic origin: a probable case of atopic dermatitis. However, this patient presented significant improvements in its entirety. This is a quite representative example of what treatment by Homeopathy can provide, in terms of clinical improvements related to the chief complaint (in this case, the itching), in addition to improvements in behavioral symptoms, in other symptoms organic and, primarily, in quality of life of the patient. In addition to reducing, also significantly, the necessity of the use of conventional medication, like corticosteroids, antiallergic and antiflatulentos, avoiding excessive exposure of the patient to adverse effects, are toxic or collateral of these medicines. This was an proprietress who believed in the potential of Homeopathy, invested in treatment, valued my work and was fully satisfied with the results obtained.

In sum, that's what Homeopathy is able to provide to our pets: health, well-being, happiness and, primarily, quality of life. Consequently, their owners will also be happy and satisfied.


Another way of understanding the process of health and disease is based on systemic conception, in which the operation of the living being occurs as a complex system, by feed-back mechanisms and self-regulation. In health status the living system is in stability. Importantly, in the view of complex systems, system stability means the variability constant of internal constants, depending on the circumstances. Having an instability in the system, that can be of origin predominantly intrinsic or extrinsic to the system, the disease occurs. In this conception, the symptoms of the disease are not an evil that should, necessarily, be fought and eliminated, but represent a movement made by the organism, in order to restore their stability. Thus, the homeopathic medicine should promote a movement in the same direction of the symptoms presented by the patient, namely, a clinical picture similar, being necessary, still, take into consideration the understanding of the pathophysiology of symptoms.

Since 2004, when I participated and concluded the Course in Internal Medicine and Therapeutics, with graduate level, of Associação Brasileira de Reciclagem e Assistência em Homeopatia - ABRAH (course that has broadened my vision and greatly has enriched my knowledge in Homeopathy), I am studying the systemic conception. In recent years, I have developed a methodology wherein also I consider their concepts and I am applying this methodology in veterinary medicine. Inclusive, developing a research paper in Liga Homeopática do Rio Grande do Sul, in Porto Alegre, where I worked as a volunteer for eight years, between 2005 and 2013. The result generated by this work is called "Study of the effectiveness of Homeopathy in chronic diseases and behavioural disorders in dogs and cats," which will be presented later. Since 2011, I started to emphasize the treatment of dermatologic frames, using concepts related to the systemic vision. I can testify the great leap of quality provided to my work, since I spent studying, developing and implementing the concepts inherent in this methodology.

As in the case of a dog affected by disease caused by demodectic scabies. When we started the homeopathic treatment, this patient was from an intense and diverse treatment with conventional medications. Still, the results were only partial. The proprietress complained of strong offensive odor from your skin, coming up the impregnate the environment; besides the intense itching, which caused injuries. I discussed this patient using concepts from the systemic conception. Since the beginning, he showed a gradual improvement and consistent. A few months after the beginning of our treatment, this patient he was stabilized. Its landlady considered an improvement of practically 100% of cutaneous symptoms related to the disease caused by demodectic scabies, In addition to introduce yourself considerably better in their behavior and general framework. In its latest evaluation, two and a half years after starting homeopathic treatment, the patient remained fully stabilized and preserving their improvements.

Again, I invite the reader to participate in our course "Demystifying Homeopathy“, where we will discuss both the vitalist conception, as the systemic conception of health and disease, debating their development and application in veterinary medicine, always in accordance with our vision and experience. We will to present, by way of exemplification, several clinical cases, including in video, to demonstrate the therapeutic potential of Homeopathy, in relation to the treatment and control of various clinical conditions and behavioral disorders in dogs and cats.

Even at the risk of sounding presumptuous, I believe that the treatment by Homeopathy, promoting the control and cure of various clinical and behavioural conditions, is the undeniable proof of an evidence-based Homeopathy in veterinary medicine.


This is another very common doubt about Homeopathy, being, including, often reason of controversy among homeopaths themselves. Again, I remind that my proposal is to speak on the vision that I have the respect of Homeopathy, based on more than two decades of study, research and clinical experience, having by goal the treatment of chronic diseases and behavioural disorders in dogs and cats. Therefore, in accordance with the understanding that I have in relation to veterinary medicine, classical medicine and Homeopathy in any way are exclusive or incompatible. On the contrary, are complementary, being able to act, including, in synergy: Homeopathy acting in the areas of greatest limitation of conventional medicine (as in chronic diseases and behavioral disorders), being that the reciprocal is true. I have the utmost respect by allopathy, because it saves countless lives daily; in addition to providing important scientific and technological advances.

Based on this philosophy, I have adopted the criterion of working exclusively with patients referred by colleagues, with whom has previously established a partnership, being general practitioners or other specialties, because I believe, strongly, that our union of strengths and knowledge, will be reflected in a work of the highest quality, aiming, especially, provide health and quality of life for our patients, that, today, are much more than friends, being true members of our families. The title of illustration of what I just said, I think it's important to emphasize that I have a rather interesting experience in the areas of neurology and orthopedics.

In April 2009, I attended a female dog of breed Dachshund. By having presented a picture of lameness in the hind limbs, our patient had undergone a surgical operation on his spinal column, at the time of the 13th thoracic vertebrae, fact occurred two and a half years before we begin our homeopathic treatment. After a long period of recovery, she returned gradually to walk. However, she remained with an intense left posterior limb lameness by dragging it on the ground, being that sometimes, she fell, having great difficulty to get up. In addition, the proprietress had to help her, holding it, so that the patient could defecate and urinate properly.

Around a month after we started our homeopathic treatment, we did the first reassessment. The proprietress reported that the patient had presented significant progress: she was walking better, getting more standing, seeming to have more strength in legs, getting up more easily and even climbed the stairs, in addition to already be able to defecate and urinate virtually without needing help. Before, she used to eat sitting down, going on to be able to stand up to eat. Its proprietress has evaluated the improvement around of 70%, compared to before starting treatment with Homeopathy, being that these improvements began around seven days after the beginning of the administration of homeopathic medicines. In addition, became more willing and active, as it was before the surgery.

Its proprietress remained following strictly our treatment and the patient was evolving of form ever more positive, remaining stable. Passed been walking so well that sometimes jumped. Including, proceeded to make your needs physiological alone, without needing to aid. His disposition improved and began to play again, seeming to have rejuvenated. Some people who did not see her for some time were astounded, because, before, she practically dragged on, and now she could walk in dignity. In its most recent re-evaluation in November 2012, the patient remained stable, fully adapted in relation to their organic limitations. Its proprietress evaluated a 80% improvement compared to the beginning of the treatment, being fully satisfied with our homeopathic treatment, because it remains providing a dignified life, healthy and happy at your dear friend and companion.

Homeopathy contributing, decisively, in the recovery of patients that underwent surgical intervention of the locomotor system and the spinal column, in addition to potentiate the treatment by acupuncture and physiotherapy, are examples well evident than the synergy between Homeopathy and other veterinary medical specialties can provide, in relation to health, well-being and quality of life of patients, with the consequent satisfaction to their owners.

Dr. Celso Affonso Machado Pedrini

Veterinary Doctor